'Wisdom teeth' left unattended, is it dangerous?

Health News

26 Apr 2023

'Wisdom teeth' left unattended, is it dangerous?

      Wisdom teeth are permanent teeth that cannot come up normally. These are teeth embedded under the gum tissue and in the jaw bone. Wisdom teeth are not visible to the naked eye unless they are protruding above the gums.

Wisdom teeth are caused by what?

      Wisdom teeth are formed when there are blocked teeth, tissues, or bone that prevent teeth from growing out of the gums and become wisdom teeth. People with wisdom teeth may have a number of wisdom teeth from 1 or more and often do not know they have wisdom teeth until they emerge from the gums or have severe toothache. When visiting the dentist, it can be detected through x-rays.

Effects of wisdom teeth on dental health

  • Pain: because the wisdom teeth have a push to grow in the jaw but are blocked or stuck by the adjacent teeth. causing a reverse force to press on the jaw
  • Inflammation of the gums: because there will be food scraps stuck under the gums and cannot be cleaned. The accumulation of bacteria can inflame the gums.

  • Adjacent teeth decay: The space between the wisdom teeth and the adjacent molar teeth is difficult to clean. As a result, food particles will become stuck, causing tooth decay.
  • Bone Dissolution: pressure from wisdom teeth trying to push up will cause the bone around the root of the tooth or nearby roots are destroyed

  • Water cyst or tumor occurrence: wisdom teeth that have been left for a long time. The tissue covering the wisdom teeth may enlarge, form a cyst, and grow without showing any symptoms.
  • Broken jawbone: due to implanted wisdom teeth will cause the jawbone in that area to be thinner than other locations when an accident or impact causes the bone in that area to be easily broken

Self-care after wisdom tooth extraction

  • Take painkillers: If you have pain, you can take painkillers.
  • Cold compress to reduce swelling: Your dentist may recommend a cold compress if there is swelling around your cheeks.
  • Eat soft food, avoid solid, spicy and hot food until the wound heals.
  • Use mouthwash instead of brushing your teeth for the first 24 hours, then brush your teeth regularly.
  • Avoid gargling too much. This can cause the blood clot to dislodge from the wound.
  • Avoid strenuous activities for at least 1 week, especially on the first day after wisdom tooth extraction as it may cause blood clots to come off.
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages, caffeinated beverages, and hot beverages for at least 24 hours as they can cause blood clots to dislodge.
  • Refrain from smoking for at least 72 hours because it may cause the wound to heal slowly and increase the chance of complications.
How do I know if wisdom teeth need to be extracted? Or wisdom tooth surgery?
  • If the dentist assesses that the wisdom teeth have emerged enough for the tooth extraction tool to remove the wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth will be extracted.
  • In case of having to have wisdom tooth surgery, it is caused by the wisdom tooth being deep under the gum tissue or the tooth has partially erupted, but it does not lie down straight and cannot be pulled up. In this case, dentists often use the method to cut the gums and may have to cut the tooth into small pieces. Then take the tooth out of the tooth socket.
      Wisdom teeth or the last molars need to be extracted or surgically removed by an oral surgeon because they are in a way that cannot happen normally or is not aligned with the teeth. Wisdom teeth most commonly occur during the late teens or early twenties. If left untreated, they are at risk for a number of conditions.

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